Aging And Health

In which variations in these reductions occur, where the staple fibres of type I more are preserved of what of type II. In way I specify staple fibres of slow contraction staple fibres type I, more are preserved during the aging process from there we can evaluate that in some cases the capacity of the aged ones to execute movements that demand speed they are compromised by the reduction more accented of staple fibres type II (KAUFFMAN, 2001). Still as she affirms Kauffman (2001, P. 9), Many morphologic properties, physiological biochemists and of the esqueltica musculatura are determined, or at least strong influenced, for the ratio and distribution of different types of fiber. Thus, a loss or a transformation of staple fibres can have a significant effect on the muscular function. The ocorrentes functional limitations in the musculoesqueltico system also are associates to the sarcopenia that according to Baumgartner (1998), defined that the sarcopenia could be defined as a reduction of the esqueltica muscular mass. But still based in the studies of Kauffman (2001), we cannot generalize that all the muscles are affected of similar form during the aging. The sarcopenia influences directly in the muscular mass of the aged one in the majority of the cases, but we must also take in consideration other actions as, the reduction in the alimentary ingestion that stops some authors is called ' ' anorexy of envelhecimento' '.

The reduction in the alimentary ingestion can be a contributing factor for the advance of the sarcopenia during the aging (HISSES; COLS, 2006). Other effect of the process of aging in this system, involve the sseos fabrics, joints the ligaments, that are basic elements together with the muscles for the accomplishment of the movements of the body, in such a way we will go to detach some related important aspects to the aging process. According to Kauffman (2001), the sseos fabrics supply sustentation to the body where they give form and they also assist in the corporal movement and in the protection of some agencies, being endowed with two determined categories, one for flat bones and another one for long bones.

Relative Humidity

It is important that birds when arriving, find everything in sequence, therefore the ideal condition for the avcola population is the total absence of diseases, and in the majority of the regions it is impossible to eradicate the diseases and if it must cheat control, by means of the good handling, drugs, hygiene and vaccinations, being that each one of these factors plays its role. 3. The CLIMATE For the cut poultry keeping, for the most part prefers regions of dry climate and temperature amena of the year. As the commercial poultry keeping is super intensive, the adverse conditions of climate can in part be eliminated or be attenuated, that is: if the general climate of the region (macro climate) will have some adverse element, can microclimatic correct these inconveniences through the use of aviaries constructed with adequate ways of protection. It is considered that in regions of more favorable macroclimate, the necessary measures of protection are more simple and more economic, and the inverse one can occur. Theoretically the poultry keeping can be developed in any part of the world, any that are the reinantes climatic conditions, in the practical one, what it will go to vary are the costs, the complexity and the handling of the installations, but by more favorable than either the climate, some item must be observed to if to define the localization of a creation of birds for cut, being aimed at the reduction of the installation costs, as well as the easiness in its handling, what in it finishes instance, provides to minor cost of the end item. In the production of chickens the environment is of extreme importance, and three factors if they detach in its composition: Temperature, Relative Humidity and Ventilation, being that birds have different requirements as the age. It has evidences of that other factors can also interact causing estresse, as: electromagnetic radiations, fields, pressure of air, ambient noise, pollutant components of air, etc.

Sports Preparation

Special the psychological preparation, immediately previous to the competitions includes the adjustment psychological and the direction of the state of the young athlete, guaranteeing the preparation and the development of the maximum effort. The preparation accomplishes for the competitions is on to the intent attention in the main actions of the motor activities, to the thought, the feeling and throughout innumerable factors more strange than the human being it can feel. 2,7 ASPECTS RELATED TO the FUTEBOLISTAS IN INFANCY AND ADOLESCENCE In accordance with Venlioles (2001) ' ' the soccer, amongst the collective sports, perhaps either one of that more precociously initiates its training of systematic and organized form: however, curiously, it presents few scientific research on the effect of the applied activities the thousand of children and young in its escolinhas, is of clubs or public schools or particulares' '. Normally it is observed reproduction of the model of work established in the professional category without criteria and evaluations or any concern with the sequence of the training development are established. For Filin (1996) ' ' the content worked in the porting clubs must in general add the two lessons of physical education of the schools, to the work in escolinhas of the clubs specialized in soccer and of course they aim at to the preparation for competies' '.

The competitions occur between groups, groups or others, the schools also have that to organize competitions that must be related with the content developed in the lessons of physical education, having objective to prepare futures instructors, arbitrators or still future talentos sportsmen. The preparation of many years searchs the estruturao of the ways and methods to be used, which looks for to assure that, a futebolista to the end of its formative process, present a level condizente, in its factors trained in accordance with requirements of the professionalism. But still they have those that believe that the soccer if relates to the passion, pleasure, beauty, pain, and for tactics.

The Writing

still by means of the cycling can be developing the communicative side of the pupils, therefore during the two processes previously cited it says, it and the speech is primordial, being this a question in which the professor must give much importance. After terms clarified theoretically as the cycling could be worked in the school, think that it is necessary in them to involve more with the metodolgica question, that is, concrete methodologies to teach the cycling in the school. Methodologies that can be used to work the cycling in the school, beyond the innumerable possibilities of practical lessons: Pedagogical games of table and: – Game of the memory with images on cycling, can also be made with images and the corresponding words, or still with determined subject for each game of the memory, for example, a game only with equipment and names of the equipment, another game only with images and characteristic of one determined test. – Break-head, using images that the professor judges to be important for the teaching of the cycling, can be used images that later will be able to serve for good quarrels. Sites that contains games online of some modalities of the cycling: – – -? Works in group: – The professor can consider that the pupils in groups, after to be made a research on what is the cycling and its modalities, make the writing and the production of a video, in which the pupils present in the proper video the modality of the cycling, being able to be making interviews with other professors of physical education, or even though – the group is divided in groups, thus the groups could be confectioning mockups illustrating the space of the track modality, road and mountain. thus they could be explaining the modalities assist with it of the mockup.

Practical activities: – To promote strolls ciclsticos, can be making in set with others disciplines, or even though in set with the community, thus making a ciclstico stroll for the outskirts of school, being able to be developing together with this stroll some campaign, as for example, the awareness of the importance of the bicycle for the global heating. – It is possible to be promoting an exit of field, to a velodrome or track of one another modality of cycling, so that the pupils live deeply as he is to walk of bicycle in these spaces. – The professor can be mounting in the school some circuit that remembers definitive test of cycling. REFERENCE KUNZ, Elenor. Didactic-pedagogical transformation of the Sport. 7 ed. Iju: Uniju, 2006.


It is recommended to prioritize the ingestion of complex carboidratos, whose glicmico index is reduced, as form to minimize the hiperglicemia peaks, followed for temporary hipoglicemia, comumente observed in situations of intolerncia to the glucose. This condition of intolerncia must to the reduction of the secretion of insulina and reduction of the reply of fabrics to its action (CHARA, HISSES, JORGE & BRASUL, 2002). The ingestion of these complex carboidratos is basic also to guarantee the use excellent of energy substrata during the practical one of the physical activity. In a similar way, the food ingestion source of complex carboidratos as breads, rice, pasta, potatoes and cereals and some hortalias is important vitamin porters of the complex B, essential for the adjusted functioning of the energy metabolism, certain minerals and alimentary staple fibres (RODRIGUES, SENTRY BOX, BONUM, CRISPIM, BOMBEM & ZZACCARO, 2003). The simple carboidratos as glucose and sacarose will have to only represent 10% of the total of the same ones. The extreme consumption can cause to greater predisposition for the appearance of digestive alterations and increase of corporal weight (OLIVEIRA, RAMIRES & MOTOR BOAT JNIOR, 2004).

Another strategical one of ingestion of carboidratos before the event or competition is the supercompensation of carboidratos that will be argued more ahead. Ingestion of Carboidratos during Exercises the suplementao of carboidratos during drawn out and arduous exercise improves the income. majority of the elite athletes usufructs of liquid carboidratos during the test knowing which is not the beneficial Reals of this practical. According to MAUGHAM, GLEESON & GREENHAFF (2000) the use of isotnicos during the test serve to increase the capacity of resistance in the exercises, for preserving the supplies of muscular glycogen and increasing the oxidation of the glucose as energy substratum. This ingestion aims at the maintenance of the sanguineous glucose levels and, in such a way, the energy metabolism, leaving still in clearly this benefits in the final minutes of the drawn out race (BACURAU, 2000). VALRIO & MNICA (2004) Support that the feeding with carboidratos during exercise drawn out with intensity entre70 a80% VO2mx., can delay the fatigue in athlete for increasing the sanguineous glucose use, diminishing the depletion of the muscular glycogen. How much to the exercises of low intensity, lesser intensity of 67% VO2mx., the glucose ingestion does not improve resistance, but allows to more extend the physical activity for the time. How much to the muscular fatigue, WOLINSKY & HICKSON (2002) tell that it has a retardation, and its elimination with the carboidrato ingestion, what also improves the performance of the resistance, not favoring the maintenance of the glicemia. To prevent the hipoglicemia during the exercise with glucose administration can have protective effect against fatigue, however the benefits are measurable in exercises oxidativo, because in these stimulatons the sanguineous glucose is the biggest power plant, only resulting in lesser use of glycogen and making possible the maintenance of the exercise for more time (VALRIO & MNICA, 2004). During the trainings, solution of carboidratos of 6% must be managed (16g of carboidrato, diluted in