If greco-italicas cities and the Etruscan Populonia, excludes concludes that you were not minted coins in Italy during the first three centuries of Rome. It was used as currency cattle (pecus, hence called the currency pecunia); especially as in Greece are used oxen and Rams. Then we used bronze, metallic material in common use for the manufacture of a multitude of objects and although gold and Silver were little more than strangers, apparently from very old established between the second and copper provided it 250 to 1. Bronze was circulating in the form of ingots, whose composition was 70 percent copper and 6 of 93 30 per cent Tin, with a weight of two pounds and two ounces (pound had 32545 grams and was divided into twelve ounces). These ingots were called aes rude and its weight is checked every transaction through the scale. As this hampering trade, tradition that Servius Tullius put into ingots has a mark that It legitimised his weight called aes signatum (later the Republic use). The first aes signatum consisted of a quadrangular ingot, five pounds of weight, leading figure of a bull, a sheep or a pig in each face.
For minor weights were cut the aes in Parties that served as a fractional currency. The ACE was since then a true currency, lenticular shape and with a weight of 1 pound (as libralis), this coin was which was in use in most of the Latin cities and only weighed 5/6 of the ancient Roman pound. This ACE was cast bronze, with the effigy of Janus on the obverse, and the prow of a ship; (later carried the Roman inscription on the reverse) and was divided into 12 parts (uncia), having a total value equal to a scruple of silver. Over time this coin disappeared, at the time of the Empire. By Fabia-Ogunia law year 485, was introduced in Rome silver coin making, acunando the denarius, which was worth 10 ACEs and was until the time of Caesar the monetary unit. The denarius was wearing an X, sometimes crossed by a horizontal mark. The primitive had on the obverse the head of the goddess Roma with the winged helmet, and on the reverse the Dioscuri on horseback and in subsequent coins appeared the victory target.
In 547, the first gold coins were minted in Rome. The manufacture of coin was made in the Temple of Juno Moneta. In Rome the debtor could not choose the form of payment (in gold or silver), that was fixed in the contract. Avoiding the monetary crisis, e.g. lowering the value of gold, compared with the silver. I invite you to visit the Digital Library of where you will find quality checked for your spiritual and personal development articles: computing, health, entertainment, sports, languages, painting, labour output and more.